Blood bank is storage of different blood groups gathered as a consequence of blood donation, which is then stored and accumulated at specific places in the hospitals named as blood bank for later uses in the hospital services. Here in this division of hospital termed as blood bank, proper testing also occurs here to ensure the reduction or end of risk of blood transfusions related problems. Blood bank is also called as collection centre, and some hospitals in a matter of fact execute accumulation of blood to deal with the emergency situations. Which are twisted to ensure the stipulation of matching blood groups in the event of need and operations. Blood banks are established almost in every well facilitated hospital. Especially in vehicle accidents, when the patient suffers lots of injuries and his blood flows most, out of his body, making acute deficiencies of blood and if a required amount of blood is not supplied to patient in time it may also cause death of the patient. So we can weigh up the importance of blood bank in every hospital, especially where operations are carried out on daily basis and in emergency services. In the event of operation, a patient needs a large supply of his matching group blood. So this need is urgently fulfilled by the upbeat approach of blood bank, which is established in almost every hospital and is an integral part of operation carrying and emergency hospitals.
Before coagulation, blood transfusions were made directly from donor to receiver but later on it was discovered that it is possible to store blood for some days by the methods of adding anticoagulant and refrigerating for future possible uses. This process proved to be the foundation of blood bank in the history of health of humanity. The first person to make experiments with chemical methods to thwart the coagulation of blood was John Braxton Hicks which performed these experiments in St, Marry’s Hospital, and London during late 19th century. His first attempts were unsuccessful, but later on his struggles became the basis of success of discovering chemicals to store blood in blood banks. For the first time in the history of blood transfusion, first non direct transfusion was done on 27th of March 1914 by a doctor from Belgia named as DR. Luis Agote. In fact he had used a diluted solution of blood. Then in November he employed less diluted blood in the same year. He used sodium citrate as an anticoagulant.
First World War became a chief raison d’être for the establishment of blood bank instantly. There were a very large number of army personnel who injured during war; they need blood to save their lives, so it became very important and vital for the survival of the blood banks to fulfill the demand of blood in injured army personnel and civilians. First wartime transfusion of blood was made in October 1915 by Robertson with the help of a syringe to a person who contained many shrapnel severe wounds. He then was transfusion blood four times and his success was informed to Walter Morley Fletcher who was then the director of Medical research committee.
Robertson worked significantly in the development of blood bank.
The world’s first blood donation service was founded in the year 1921 by an official of British Red Cross, named as Percy Oliver.
- p Murphy, Jr and Carl Walter introduced plastic bags for the collection and accumulation of blood in 1950.